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Social Inclusion and Social Development


Social inclusion can be defined as the process of improving the conditions of participation in society for people who are disadvantaged on the basis of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, economic or other status, through enhanced opportunities, access to resources, voice and respect for rights. Thus, social inclusion is both a process and goal and is an integral part of any poverty eradication effort. To ensure social inclusion, the strategy adopted by NRLM is to validate the existing SECC data, prepare a list of left-out vulnerable families and integrate them in existing/ new SHGs and subsequently in Federations. The entire exercise will be facilitated by community cadre. For ensuring inclusion of physically disadvantaged (PWDs), the existing list prepared by Disability Department will be referred to, and they will be integrated into SHGs wherever left out.


Health and Nutrition:


The focus under health and nutrition will be to create awareness and build capacities of women on the importance of menstrual health, UTI/STIs, cancer, etc. and with regards to nutrition, on benefits of iron, folic acid, calcium, protein, etc. Through convergence with NRHM access to institutional delivery, IMR, MMR, full antenatal care to mothers, examination and treatment for anemia, UTI/ STIs, cancer, etc. will be facilitated. Apart from the above, awareness regarding good diet will be created. Towards these activities such as recipe demonstration through food fests/ stalls during exhibitions/ events at GP, block or taluka level; convergence of SHG members with food product making activities of Women and Child Welfare Department; encouraging establishment of chikki units, etc. are being planned. Programme will also provide funds as CIF for development of kitchen garden.


Some of the other activities planned under this include:


  • Convergence with other NGOs/ CBOs working in FNHW, especially with existing federations of marginalized female sex-workers and Devadasis

  • Integrating FNHW in SHGs training module; developing resources (IEC) for training modules; etc. It is proposed to designate one meeting every month to discuss issues related to FNHW

  • Ensuring SHG women linkage with centrally sponsored health insurance scheme such as RSBY/PMSBY

  • Preparation of Vulnerability Reduction Plan at SHG and village level


Water and Sanitation:


The focus under this will be to create awareness and build capacities of SHG members and community on the importance of water and sanitation. Towards this, several activities are planned:


  • Provision of CIF to cluster level federations as bridge fund for construction of toilet. (This will be treated as a loan to the SHG and on repayment, will be in constant rotation within the federation).


  • Establishment of sanitary napkin centers (1 per taluka) on a pilot basis and helping existing centers in branding and marketing.


  • Creating a model of Solid Waste Management in 300 select CLFs/villages. NHFS (National Family Health Survey) data to be used as a tool for identifying specific areas that need FNHW intervention.


Apart from the above, Swatch Bharat Grameen Mission has shown interest in working with NRLM and leveraging the SHGs in the programme fold for promotion of its objectives like provision of toilets , solid waste management, etc.


Gender related interventions under NRLM:


NRLM believes that gender mainstreaming should feature in its framework, systems, institutions and processes to achieve sustainable social, economic and political goals that have direct/indirect impact on the quality of life indicators of the community. NRLM in general mobilizes poor women and also undertakes special mobilization efforts for reaching women in exploitative situations / occupations (like single women, divorced, separated, survivors of violence, trafficked women, Devadasi, HIV +ve women etc.) in particular. In particular, the programme plans to focus on issues of violence against women with special focus on domestic violence and creating awareness for rights and grievance redressal. This will be done in collaboration with various other actors championing this issue like Women and Child Development Department, Legal cell, NGO, Police, etc. Apart from this focus will also be on arresting drop-out of girl children from schools. Another important area of intervention will be enhancing women’s participation in Gram Sabhas so that their issues are voiced and heard. Towards this, it is planned to initiate 36 Mahileyara Sabha (Women’s forum) at Village/ GP level to prepare plans for addressing issues and concerns of women to be presented to Panchayat. One of the important steps towards this will be sensitizing mission staff and SHGs, CRPs, GPLF, WLF and SAC committee through organizing workshops. Identification and training of a gender point person in each CLF is planned to keep this on active agenda at all levels.


Preparation of Vulnerability Reduction Plan:


Vulnerability Reduction Plan focuses on entitlements due to members from marginalized groups. Once the vulnerable families are identified and the list is finalized, community cadre will prepare household data card for each such family. This card will contain the basket of entitlements that members of the family can avail. This will be supported with the Vulnerability Reduction Fund (VRF). A total budget of Rs 15 crores under NRLM (covering 1500 CLFs) has been proposed as VRF (@1.0 Lakh per CLF). It is proposed to cover maximum number of members from the following groups under VRF:


  • Persons with disability or having PWD family members

  • Legally released bonded laborers or having family members as legally released bonded laborers

  • Manual scavengers or having family members who are manual scavengers

  • Ex-devadasis or sex workers

  • Widows or single women headed families

  • PVTGs, Project Displaced families and child labor affected families

  • Households affected by natural and manmade calamities


Specifics under this include:


  • Creating awareness and facilitating access to entitlements focusing on insurance and pensions


  • Ensuring that all households have accessed at least one insurance (either life or medical)


  • Ensure that all eligible SHG members /family members have accessed old age/ widow/ person with disabilities pension


Village Poverty Reduction Plan (VPRP) and Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP):


The Village Poverty Reduction Plan (VPRP) is a community demand plan prepared by the SHG network which can be further integrated into the Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP). It is the consolidation of the demands for livelihoods, health and sanitation, social security, natural resource development and basic infrastructure development prepared by the poor families who are members of the SHGs.


GPDP is a comprehensive demand plan for local development. It is the consolidated demand for various livelihoods, health, and sanitation, social security along with resource development and basic infrastructure development prepared jointly by involving Self-Help Groups (SHG), Gram Panchayat and the Community Organization network.

In NRLM this is done at three levels:


➢ SHG - Livelihoods and Entitlement Plan


➢ VO/CLF –Infrastructure and Social Development Plan


➢ Village  Poverty Reduction Plan


Specifics under this include:


  • Ensure that all SHG women participate in Gram Sabhas and in planning process of Gram Panchayat Development Plan.

Convergence with MGNREGA:


Since the strength of NRLM is its ability to energize the communities, it is proposed to involve SHGs and federations in the creation of awareness and demand generation with respect to MGNREGA. This can be extended to job card survey/identification of beneficiaries, support in registration for employment, support in the issue of job cards and job applications, demanding provision of work within 15 days, conducting social audits, etc. In order to facilitate all the above KSRLM has identified 150 resource persons at the state, district and taluka levels. The resource group at each level is a loose group of resource persons who have been trained and are utilized for community trainings/ awareness creation at taluka and GP level.


Specifics under this include:


  • Creating awareness, demand generation and participation in MGNREGA


  • Promote labour groups consisting of SHG women


  • Ensure that every household gets a job card


  • Increase demand for work and ensure access of 100 days work for entitled household


Capacity building to mainstream gender, convergence and FNHW


In order to achieve all the planned activities specialized trainings on the topic of gender, inclusion, convergence and FNHW are proposed for KSRLM state, district and taluka Staff; 38 EC & Sub-committee members of WLF and GPLF; Local Community Resource Person and Master Book Keepers.


Solid Waste Management:


In rural areas of the state, open defecation, poor personal hygiene, and a lack of effective solid and liquid waste treatment have all had negative effects on public health, child mortality, gender, equity, the environment, and the economy. The Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Rural Energy and Development (MGIRED), in collaboration with the Department of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj, the Department of Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation, and the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), is training more than 4000 women from Karnataka's SHGs (Self Help Groups) in various aspects such as solid waste management and solar energy utilization in rural areas. These women will be engaged as Swachha Karmikas by their local Gram Panchayats to carry out solid waste management duties like daily waste collection, waste segregation, Swaccha Vahini driving, and so on. In the Financial year 2021-22, 207 MoU was signed between GPLFs and Gram Panchayats. Sanjeevini KSRLPS have taken instrument role in identification of SHG members for 5 days training, arranging transportation and pay for SHG members' travel allowance (to and fro) from the irrespective villages to the training centre and return, assisting SHG/GPLF members in Involve for SWM and have a MoU with the GP’s and identify SHG women members between the ages of 18 and 40 for 4 wheeler driving training.



Last Updated: 21-06-2022 10:11 AM Updated By: MIS Consultant

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